Wheels on Wheels


Last weekend, I went to Ratnagiri with a couple of friends. We drove over NH 17, all the way from Mumbai to Hatkhamba.

This is one of the best times to drive on this road. The route goes up and down the hills and valleys. The whole landscape is wet and green. The number of shades of green that you get to see is unbelievable. This is the paddy region. So the fields are flooded with water. You see numerous rivulets and waterfalls on the way. I was getting very nostalgic. This was the route on which I had cycled from Mumbai to Goa. We actually saw a group of people cycling between Mahad & Chiplun and I was tempted to do the trip once more.

We stopped for Lunch between Kolad and Mahad. As we were eating, we heard the typical sound of a passing train. When we turned to see the train, we didn’t see bogies, but a series of trucks. The sight was confusing. The trucks were all moving at the same speed, in a straight line making the sound of a train! Then it dawned on us. The trucks were travelling on a train. Smile

I was intrigued. Why put trucks on a train? How many trucks are transported? How are they put on the train? So I decided to do some research and what I learnt was quite amazing.

This scheme of Konkan Railway, known as RO-RO (roll-on roll-off), was started on 26th January, 1999, has enabled carrying loaded trucks directly on the railway wagons thus reducing the expenditure and savings on Fuel, wear and tear of tyres, maintenance of trucks for the truck operators.

Trucks are loaded through a ramp provided at the dead-end of a loop on BRN wagons which have been suitably modified for through passage of trucks over them. Before loading over the BRNs, the trucks are weighed and passed under a height gauge (maximum height – 3.4 metres above road level) to ensure that they conform to the maximum moving dimensions for safe passage. The driver and cleaner of the truck travel along, sleeping in their truck cabin. The trucks are firmly mounted on the flat bed. You can see a video showing the trucks being loaded on the train here.

The service is available between Kolad ,145 Km from Mumbai, and Verna, a total distance of 417 kms. Between Kolad and Suratkal (721 Km), Verna and Suratkal (304 Kms). Delivery by Ro Ro is within 12 hours for Kolad-Verna, within 20 hrs for Kolad-Surathkal, and five hrs for Verna- Surathkal, which by road would take at least about 24, 40 and 10 hours respectively. During last five years the number of trucks carried increased from 18,172(2005-06) to 37,620 (2009-10). It has also reduced the truck traffic and the pollution on the NH-17.

I have seen cars and two wheelers being transported on road, in specially built trucks. It would be fun to see these trucks being transported on the trains. Then we will have wheels on wheels on wheels. Open-mouthed smile

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3 Responses to Wheels on Wheels

  1. M. G. Pai says:

    Ro Ro is a very old concept & very much prevalent in the shipping industry. In many parts of the world where marine transport is prevalent & used to its best this is a common practice. A gew years ago when we had been to Turkey, ferry travel was the most enjoyable part of my journey. The national shipping company in Turkey manages this service. The ferrys are hughe, have 2 upper decks, a crrying capacity of over a 1000 passengers with full lounge and F&B facilities. At the deck level, they are 5 lanes wide ! So 5 wide bodied buses, container trailers etc. can be accomodated with ample clear space between. In terms of length, may be 8 units! As both sides have dock levellers, the vehicles roll in from one end & roll out from the other end. Its high time that we started using our marine assets in a properly managed fashion. Currently all the cargo that lands either in BPT or JNPT travels by land. At least that portion which makes it to our island city can use this mode of transport and reduce the traffic congestion & maintainence of the carriageways

  2. Manish Raje says:

    Just as note to what you said what are the positives of RO RO. It has reduced the truck traffic on NH-17 and also has resulted in the better road quality. If you go beyond Mahad, there are hardly any truck traffic until you go near Goa. Breeze to drive on that sections during especially rainy. 🙂

  3. Deepak S Avasare says:

    It certainly a good way to transport the loaded truck by train to improve efficiency.

    In western countries (and many times in India too), the whole container is transported on the back of train. At the end the container is loaded on the truck and then driven away in a trailer. It may be easier to drive trailer trucks on western roads, may not be that easy on Indian roads.

    I remember long ago there were some BEST buses which were trailer buses. Also some of the Indian Oil tankers were also trailer ones. On turns the trailer moves differently than the front driver cabin, which may be a problem on narrower roads.

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